Elastomeric foam insulation has been available in the United States since the 1950s. It’s also known as closed cell elastomeric foam insulation, flexible elastomeric cellular insulation, unicellular insulation, cellular elastomeric insulation, anti-sweat, refrigerant insulation, plumbing pipe insulation, refrigerant pipe insulation, HVAC pipe insulation, and rubber insulation.
Essentially, elastomeric foam insulation is a synthetic rubber composed of closed-cell structure available in factory-made tubes, sheets or rolls. The outer edge consists of a smooth surface or “skin” which serves as a built-in vapor retarder. Due to elastomeric foam’s flexible nature, it is less susceptible to cracks, breakage, and material loss when compared to rigid insulation options.
Closed cell elastomeric foam insulation is best known as an HVAC, refrigerant, and plumbing pipe or piping insulation because of its exceptional ability to control condensation on cold (below-ambient) mechanical systems. Due to its low water vapor permeability, closed-cell structure and built-in vapor retarder, elastomeric foam insulation is an excellent choice to protect piping and equipment from one of the most common problems and owner concerns in the building and construction industry – corrosion under insulation or “CUI”. This is a costly, but preventable, problem when water, water vapor, or moisture penetrate the insulation and attack expensive mechanical systems.
When properly designed, specified, and installed, elastomeric foam insulation can effectively manage heat gain/loss and condensation control for the life of the mechanical system. Unlike open cell fibrous insulation types, closed cell foam does not lose its thermal efficiency or serve as a food source for mold growth when moisture comes in contact with the insulation.
One of the most important considerations when designing, specifying, and installing elastomeric foam insulation is the insulation thickness. Factors such as the fluid or gas (line) temperature in the pipe or equipment, pipe type, pipe size, ambient temperature, relative humidity, and whether or not a protective outer jacket will be applied are necessary to calculate the correct insulation thickness.
U.S. manufacturers of closed cell elastomeric foam offer tubes in “unslit” or “self-seal” formats. Sheets and rolls are also offered with or without a factory-applied pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) on one side. Self-seal tubes and sheets/rolls with PSA offer are known to produce labor savings during installation.
Tubes are generally available in “wall thicknesses” of ¼” to 2” and inside diameter (ID) sizes of ¼” to 6” IPS (iron pipe size). Aeroflex offers tube sizes up to 16” IPS. Sheet sizes are typically 3’x4’ and rolls 48” wide with thicknesses ranging from ¼” to 2”.
Elastomeric foam insulation is appropriate for the following interior and exterior applications:
- HVAC pipe insulation
- VRF (variable refrigerant flow) pipe insulation
- Refrigerant pipe insulation
- Chilled water pipe & equipment insulation
- Cryogenic pipe insulation (down to -297℉)
- Hot and cold domestic water pipe insulation (NBR/PVC up to 220℉, EPDM up to 300℉)
- Duct liner (fiber-free)
- Duct wrap
- Acoustic attenuation of pipes and ducts (lower frequencies)
Regarding direct UV exposure, elastomeric foam insulation will degrade over time so it should be protected with the manufacturer’s specially-formulated UV coating or field-applied jacketing system. Traditional NBR/PVC (nitrile butadiene rubber/PVC) foam insulation will degrade faster than Aeroflex EPDM insulation; EPDM is inherently UV-resistant and will degrade at a slower rate than NBR/PVC. Although not UV-proof, EPDM is the same type of rubber used for industrial and automotive applications.
American manufacturers of closed cell elastomeric insulation must comply with ASTM manufacturing standards (ASTM C 534, C 411) and meet critical fire and smoke safety standards such as ASTM E 84 (UL 723), NFPA 90A and 90B. Insulation that is plenum-rated is a term associated with meeting these fire safety standards which allows engineers to specify elastomeric foam insulation on pipes and ducts in air plenums. A plenum is generally the space between a structural ceiling (i.e. roof) and drop ceiling.
Closed cell foam insulation is also safe for building occupants because it is fiber-free (no fibers break loose from the insulation), mold-resistant and low-VOC. U.S. manufacturers typically add biocides to their NBR/PVC insulation during manufacturing to manage potential exposure to mold. As an alternative, Aeroflex’s Aerocel brand of EPDM closed cell elastomeric foam is naturally microbial-resistant. Most American-made elastomeric foam insulation is also third-party certified by UL’s GREENGUARD for low chemical emissions.
If you are searching for a proven and safe insulation to save energy, control condensation, meet national/state/local energy and building codes, prevent mold growth and contribute to LEED®-registered projects, look no further than closed cell elastomeric foam insulation.
To learn more about Aeroclex’s Aerocel EPDM closed cell elastomeric foam insulation, please visit https://www.aeroflexusa.com/epdm-benefits.